A globally accepted general concept of an ideal family consists of parents with their children. Any family is considered as a complete family with the birth of a baby. However, there are several instances when couples face difficulties in having a baby. The natural potentiality of producing children is referred to as fertility and a lack of fertility is termed as infertility. Human fertility is dependent on various factors like endocrinology, nutrition, sexual behaviour, culture, economics, consanguinity, instinct, timing, way of life, and emotions.
Infertility in men and women has today become one of the biggest challenges the world is fighting against. There are several causes and reasons for it. The infertility problem becomes a very big issue for a married couple. Sometimes, it leads to divorce and ruins the happiness of two families. Dr. Richika Sahay Shukla, Founder at India IVF Clinic said, “The early treatment is recommended for the treatment for infertility problem. The fertility ultrasound proves very useful in diagnosing the causes of infertility in women. It helps us analyze certain essential factors and accordingly plan the treatments effective for a patient.”
Our lifestyle has a great impact on the fertility rate. It is necessary for both male and females to maintain good habits, have a balanced diet, and give importance to wellness in lifestyle. A few lifestyle aspects mentioned below may help in improving fertility in men and women.
- Smoking: Apart from damaging lungs smoking can adversely affect on lowering fertility by ageing ovaries and eggs.
- Alcohol: Drinking alcohol is a big reason for lowering fertility.
- Caffeine intake: Beyond 200 mg caffeine intake in a day effect on fertility.
- Being active: Being moderately active leads to a good fertility rate.
- Drugs: Stay away from illegal drugs.
- Weight: Maintain a healthy weight.
Usually, when a couple does not succeed in getting a child naturally, the condition is considered infertility. It is advisable to consult a doctor if a woman hasn’t conceived after a year on unsafe physical effort. The couple is often prescribed to perform an ultrasound examination to detect the possible reason that interferes with conception. It could be due to an issue with the man, any complication in the woman, or could be a combination factor. Hence, fertility ultrasound helps to diagnose the problem and accordingly the treatment is planned.
In many cases, some ovary related problems like endometrioma or polycystic ovaries which reduce the release of the egg prove to be a cause. Sometimes fibroids or polyps in the uterus restrict the implantation of the fertilized egg. And sometimes there could be a blockage in the fallopian tubes. This hampers the sperm meets with the egg to a great extent. The best initial investigation for infertility is Trans-vaginal ultrasound. Any of these problems can be identified with the one ultrasound test. A combination of mild factors in the woman and possibly a low sperm count in the male are quite common that together cause infertility.
What is the importance of infertility ultrasound protocol?
Patients need to understand the infertility ultrasound protocol at the time they proceed with their treatment. An infertility ultrasound is a significant first test performed on any woman experiencing difficulty to conceive. As a first step, an infertility ultrasound will verify the existence of both uterus and ovaries inside the abdomen. The detection of fallopian tubes is not much reliable through an ultrasound test rather a hysterosalpingogram is performed for the evaluation of it. An ultrasound test can record the size, shape, and position of the uterus. The ultrasound test measures the ovaries and the fibroids masses within the uterus and also the mapping of these fibroids. A woman’s ovarian reserve is determined by the size of the ovaries as well as the number of follicles present.
Ovarian cysts are a common abnormal detection in an infertility ultrasound. Most often, ovarian cysts are simply confirmation of a developing egg or indication of recent ovulation. However, occasionally, a cyst may exhibit an abnormality called endometriosis.
Although an infertility ultrasound does not show normal fallopian tubes, a type of abnormal fallopian might be visible. The tube will be filled with fluid not only indicate blocked fallopian tubes but also reduce the success rate of IVF treatments.
Infertility ultrasound helps in determining the size and number of developing follicles accurately. The test helps the physician to determine the suitable time to either activate ovulation or perform an IVF egg recovery. The growth and development of the uterine lining can be monitored by the infertility ultrasound.
It is important to monitor the growth and development of the pregnancy once a pregnancy has been established in a patient with infertility or recurrent miscarriage. Infertility ultrasound is a useful tool for the doctor in treating women who have reproductive problems. The image quality, as well as the type of problem identification, has improved with the advancement in ultrasound technology over the years.
Know about fertility ultrasound during period
Now, there is a genuine query that comes in the mind of almost every woman going through fertility ultrasound whether fertility ultrasound can be conducted during the menstrual cycle. The possibility of fertility ultrasound during period is absolutely advisable as at any time most gynecological conditions can be assessed and diagnosed. However, the patient must consider few aspects like: the patient may feel more comfortable the time other than her menstrual cycle as most of the full pelvic ultrasound scan is usually performed trans-vaginally. Secondly, the patient should not put on hold the ultrasounds scan if the result required immediately or having an irregular unpredictable cycle.
Moreover, the gynaecologist may recommend a particular point in your menstrual cycle to perform a pelvic scan. For example – around day 9 of the cycle is usually considered ideal for fertility checks. Just after the end of the period when the womb lining is thinner it is easier to detect endometrial problems such as polyps on full pelvic ultrasound scans.
Inside a woman’s ovaries, small sacs filled with fluids are called ovarian follicles. A stage of the menstrual cycle is highly influenced by the secretion of hormones and women enter puberty with about 300,000 to 400,000 of them. Each one of these is the potential factors to release an egg for fertilization. The size and status of follicles are an important aspect of assessing fertility and fertility treatment.
About fertility ultrasound follicles
An evaluation of follicles associates a pelvic ultrasound scan of the womb and ovaries along with an Anti-Mullerian Hormone blood test. The Antral Follicle Count and the blood test allow assessing fertility and therefore able to conceive. One follicle will grow to contain one egg during a normal menstrual cycle and in most cases follicles release an egg. Hence, follicle count verified through fertility ultrasound follicles is a determining factor for the chances of having a child.
The ultrasounds scan for the fertility assessment needs to undergo a certain fertility ultrasound protocol that has its own importance. The high-resolution equipment with sensitive colour and spectral Doppler modalities are used to obtain the best results to perform a transvaginal scan. The timing of the scan is ideal between days 10-12 of a regular menstrual cycle.
The scan objectives include the condition of the uterus, in the cervical canal a clear layer of mucus is a favourable sign reflecting a good level of estrogen production, the endometrial receptivity assessment, the presence of fluids in the pelvis, the position, and size of the ovaries.
Hence, the core of the matter indicates the significance of fertility ultrasound that helps to diagnose reasons for infertility and treatment accordingly. Unlike other procedures, fertility ultrasound protocol has its limitless importance. It plays a very important part in treating problems related to infertility. The necessary treatment and fertility ultrasound should be performed under the observation of experienced fertility experts only.
At India IVF Clinic in Gurgaon, every single treatment is performed as a part of the recommended treatment only. Dr. Richika Sahay Shukla is an experienced and highly qualified doctor expert in infertility treatment, IVF processes, and more. Many couples and unmarried males and females have received a solution for their infertility challenge from our different fertility centres in the country.
Patients in need can book their appointment for the best consulting services at our any centre operational in different states in India. Visit us and increase your chances of enjoying the bliss of parenthood!