In-Vitro-Fertilization (IVF) is a type of Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) that helps you get pregnant if you are not able to do so naturally. It helps with fertilization, implantation and embryo development. IVF is a very safe and effective treatment option and with the latest advancement in medical technology, IVF results have improved significantly.
IVF procedure involves collecting mature eggs from the ovaries and then fertilizing them by sperm in a specialized lab. After doing so, the fertilized egg (embryo) is transplanted to a uterus. One complete cycle of IVF takes around three weeks. Depending on the specific case, these steps are sometimes splitted into several parts and the process can take longer.
IVF is a very safe and effective procedure. Several studies have shown that the babies conceived via IVF become healthy adults both mentally and physically. Many studies have demonstrated that babies conceived through IVF are doing great in everyday life and they don’t seem to have any more complications than the general population.
Costs of IVF depend on several factors. The age of the woman, medical condition, the area you are getting treated from and the level of expertise of your doctor. Generally speaking, IVF treatments range from INR 100,000 to INR 3,50,000 for one complete cycle and these prices include follow-ups, additional tests and medication.
Though the specific cause of IV cycle failure depends on each specific case, one of the most common causes is the quality of the embryo. Many embryos are defective and thus can’t implant after transfer. Embryos might appear healthy in the lab but many possible defects can cause them to die in the uterus.
Fertility means the ability to reproduce/have a baby. If you are fertile, it means your reproductive capabilities are fine and you can conceive a baby. Both genders have fertility and to conceive a baby, both the male and the female need to be fertile. Similarly, infertility is also present in both genders and requires separate treatment for each gender.
Though there are some cases of infertility that can’t be cured, in general, infertility in both males and females can be cured effectively. A growing number of infertility treatments are coming through that are helping more and more people become fertile and start a family. Latest advancement in medical technology has raised the odds of curing infertility to a significant degree.
In general, infertility treatments are classified into 3 main types
- Assisted Conception including in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intrauterine insemination (IUI)
- Surgical Procedures
Depending on the unique case and situation, any one or a combination of one or more treatments might be prescribed to treat infertility.
The InVitro Fertilization process is one of the popular Assisted Reproductive Technology that gives hope for a baby to many childless couples today. The procedure works by artificially fertilizing your retrieved eggs and sperms outside your body, which is in a laboratory under controlled environmental conditions. The embryo thus formed is then transferred directly into your uterus. Pregnancy happens if the embryo attaches to your uterus lining.
IVF is not a single procedure instead it takes a series of steps. On average, the entire procedure of IVF starting from consultation to the last step which involves embryo transfer take about 6 to 8 weeks. But this might vary from patient to patient depending on certain circumstances. In week 1, consultation begins followed by pretreatment preparations in week 2 to 4. Medications and monitoring happen in week 5. The triggering, egg retrieval, and fertilization occur in week 7. After this pregnancy is tested.
The average cost of IVF in India is around 1,50,000 to 2,50,000. The price may go as high up to four lakhs in a single treatment. This cost is based on several factors such as medicines required, the technology used, the expertise of the specialist and your location.However, the IVF cost in India is affordable as compared to other countries.
Intra Uterine Insemination is a fertility treatment in which sperms are placed directly into the uterus of a woman to increase the chance of fertilization. It helps to bring healthy sperms closer to your egg. The semen sample is specially prepared through a washing procedure and it is transferred into your uterus via a thin catheter.
Overall the IVF procedure causes no pain instead mild discomforts are felt. Some steps in the IVF process such as ovulation induction and fertilization are completely painless. However, during egg retrieval stage, you will be sedated not to feel the pain. After the egg retrieval procedure, you may have some menstrual cramps. During embryo transfer, the syringe deposits the embryo into your uterus via a vaginal catheter, hence mild discomfort could be felt but there will be no pain.
Age plays an important role in the woman’s ability to bear a child which decrease with age. Almost 1/3rd of the women have fertility issues because of age over 35. Menopause generally happens by 45-50 years of age and with age post 35, the ability of healthy eggs decrease and the probability of miscarriage increases.
Sperm’s quality and quantity depend on the health and the habits of the individual. It is greatly affected by:
- Drugs and Alcohol consumption
- Exposure to environmental toxins
- Health issues and certain medications
- Chemotherapy and Radiation therapy for cancer treatment
Infertility creates a problem in conceiving for many couples hence they require help from different methods to be able to conceive or having a child. These methods together are termed as Assisted reproductive technology (ART). It involves fertilization in a laboratory set up and then putting the grown embryos back into the mother’s body
IVF is done when there are issues related to conceiving a child due to blocked fallopian tubes, endometriosis or any other unknown reason for infertility in both the mother and the father. The procedure depends on the overall review and history of the couple.
Yes, multiple embryos are transplanted in IVF to enhance the success probability of implantation which increases the chances of having multiple births by 25% as compared to the normal pregnancies.
It requires approximately 3-6 weeks depending upon the review of the couple and the type of therapy they are having. It starts with the administration of fertility drugs for a couple of days to induce ovulation along with continuous monitoring by ultrasound or hormonal profiling.
The miscarriage rate is almost similar to that of normal couples. For obvious reasons, the rate is higher when older females are undergoing IVF.
Surrogacy is a type of pregnancy in which a woman carries and gives birth to a baby for another person who herself is not able to have children. Surrogacy is a method of assisted reproduction where intended parents work with a gestational surrogate who will carry and care for their baby(ies) until birth. Intended parents use surrogacy to start or grow their families when they can’t do so on their own.
Cost of surrogacy varies from state to state and clinic to clinic. Several factors such as the arrangement with surrogate mother, your area and expertise of your physician determine the actual cost of the treatment but in general surrogacy in India costs between INR 1000,000 to INR 13,50,000.