HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is a virus that attacks the body’s immune system, specifically the CD4 cells (also known as T cells) that help the immune system fight off infections. Without treatment, HIV can lead to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), a condition in which the immune system is severely weakened, making the body susceptible to a range of infections and cancers.
HIV can affect male and female fertility in a number of ways:
1. Direct impact on reproductive organs: HIV can directly damage the reproductive organs, leading to inflammation and scarring that can affect fertility. In men, HIV can cause damage to the testicles, leading to decreased sperm production and quality. In women, HIV can cause inflammation of the cervix, uterus, and ovaries, leading to damage to the fallopian tubes and other structures that are necessary for fertility.
2. Decreased sexual function: HIV can affect sexual function in both men and women, leading to decreased libido, erectile dysfunction, and difficulty achieving orgasm. This can make it difficult to conceive naturally.
3. Effects of antiretroviral therapy: Antiretroviral therapy (ART), which is the primary treatment for HIV, can also affect fertility. Some ART medications can cause decreased sperm production and quality in men and menstrual irregularities in women, which can affect ovulation and make it difficult to conceive.
4. Increased risk of sexually transmitted infections: HIV-positive individuals are at increased risk of contracting sexually transmitted infections (STIs), which can also affect fertility.
Thanks to India IVF Clinic which is helping such people to start their parenthood journey by using technical advancements in assisted reproduction technology, let’s be more informed on how assisted reproduction can help HIV-infected people achieve parenthood through some commonly asked questions:
Antiretroviral therapy followed by in-vitro fertilization can enable female HIV-positive patients who desire to become mothers to have a healthy pregnancy. To reduce the chance of infection transfer to the kid, the woman is kept on medication throughout her pregnancy. IVF treatment is a godsend for HIV patients since it allows them to become parents.
Yes, you can utilise your sperm during IVF therapy if you’re an HIV-positive male contemplating it. Advances in ART have made it possible. India IVF Clinic works with HIV- positive male intended parents on a regular basis. This method entails separating motile sperm from the rest of the ejaculation using sperm washing, followed by insemination of the washed sperm into the egg via IVF–ICSI.
By separating sperm from its seminal fluid, sperm washing allows your fertility expert or doctor to eliminate the chance of virus transmission. It enables doctors to pinpoint the virus’s location, reducing the danger of HIV transmission to the surrogate and kid.
If you’re thinking about IVF at India IVF clinic, you’ll need to go through a battery of tests to verify that your gestational carrier is safe throughout her journey.
You’ll need to get an HIV viral load test before starting your IVF cycle to see how many HIV cells you have.
Antiretroviral therapy (ART) is a combination of antiretroviral (ARV) medications used to slow the progression of HIV illness and keep the virus under control. If you’ve been diagnosed with HIV and haven’t started treatment yet, you’ll need to do so before beginning your route to parenting.
Don’t worry, the ARV medicines won’t interfere with your IVF therapy.
Yes, it is possible for someone with HIV to have a baby, but it's important to receive medical care and treatment to manage the virus and prevent transmission to the baby. If a person with HIV wants to have a baby without transmitting the virus, they may consider using assisted reproductive technologies such as in vitro fertilization (IVF) with sperm washing. Sperm washing is a process where semen is separated from other fluids, including the HIV virus, before it is used for IVF. This can greatly reduce the risk of transmitting the virus to the baby. It's important to talk with a healthcare provider who specializes in reproductive health for individuals with HIV to discuss the best options for having a baby while minimizing the risk of transmission.
If someone with HIV wants to have a child without transmitting the virus, there are options available. One option is to use assisted reproductive technologies such as in vitro fertilization (IVF) with sperm washing. Sperm washing is a process where semen is separated from other fluids, including the HIV virus, before it is used for IVF. This can greatly reduce the risk of transmitting the virus to the baby. It's important to talk with a healthcare provider who specializes in reproductive health for individuals with HIV to discuss the best options for having a baby while minimizing the risk of transmission.
IVF is generally considered safe for HIV positive couples who use sperm washing as part of the process. Sperm washing is a method that separates the sperm from the HIV virus in semen, reducing the risk of transmitting the virus to the woman or child during IVF. HIV positive couples should discuss the risks and benefits of IVF with a healthcare provider who specializes in reproductive health for individuals with HIV. Overall, when proper precautions are taken, IVF can be a safe option for HIV positive couples who want to have a baby without transmitting the virus.
Yes, HIV-positive individuals can have children, thanks to assisted reproductive technologies. Seropositive persons now have access to medicines and treatment options, making it easier for them to consider starting a family.
Sperm washing along with assisted reproductive techniques like ICSI can significantly reduce the chances of HIV transmission to the mother or the child. Reports suggest that in over 90% of cases infection transmission was not found.
Not all fertility clinics perform IVF for HIV-positive patients because of the potential risks involved with the procedure. IVF involves several steps that could potentially lead to the transmission of HIV from the patient to healthcare providers or to the baby. One of the biggest risks of IVF in HIV-positive patients is the potential transmission of HIV to the baby. This can occur during fertilization or embryo transfer, and can lead to serious health consequences for the child. To minimize this risk, special precautions must be taken during the IVF procedure, such as screening the sperm for HIV and processing the sperm and embryos in a laboratory to reduce the risk of transmission.
No, HIV-positive individuals cannot donate sperm. This is because sperm donation involves the transfer of bodily fluids, which can potentially transmit HIV to the recipient. As a result, sperm banks and fertility clinics typically have strict guidelines and screening procedures to ensure that donated sperm is free from HIV and other infectious diseases.
The cost of sperm washing for HIV can vary depending on the location and the specific clinic or laboratory performing the procedure. Sperm washing is a process that involves separating the sperm from the semen and other bodily fluids, in order to reduce the risk of transmission of HIV and other infections. The process typically involves several steps, including centrifugation, washing, and testing of the sperm for HIV and other infectious agents.
At India IVF Clinics we provide the most comprehensive range of services to cover all the requirements at a Fertility clinic including in-house lab, consultations & treatments.