HIV & IVF Treatment
What is HIV and how does it affect male & female fertility?
HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is a virus that attacks the body’s immune system, specifically the CD4 cells (also known as T cells) that help the immune system fight off infections. Without treatment, HIV can lead to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), a condition in which the immune system is severely weakened, making the body susceptible to a range of infections and cancers.
HIV can affect male and female fertility in a number of ways:
1. Direct impact on reproductive organs: HIV can directly damage the reproductive organs, leading to inflammation and scarring that can affect fertility. In men, HIV can cause damage to the testicles, leading to decreased sperm production and quality. In women, HIV can cause inflammation of the cervix, uterus, and ovaries, leading to damage to the fallopian tubes and other structures that are necessary for fertility.
2. Decreased sexual function: HIV can affect sexual function in both men and women, leading to decreased libido, erectile dysfunction, and difficulty achieving orgasm. This can make it difficult to conceive naturally.
3. Effects of antiretroviral therapy: Antiretroviral therapy (ART), which is the primary treatment for HIV, can also affect fertility. Some ART medications can cause decreased sperm production and quality in men and menstrual irregularities in women, which can affect ovulation and make it difficult to conceive.
4. Increased risk of sexually transmitted infections: HIV-positive individuals are at increased risk of contracting sexually transmitted infections (STIs), which can also affect fertility.
Thanks to India IVF Clinic which is helping such people to start their parenthood journey by using technical advancements in assisted reproduction technology, let’s be more informed on how assisted reproduction can help HIV-infected people achieve parenthood through some commonly asked questions:
What is the treatment procedure in the case of female HIV patients?
Antiretroviral therapy followed by in-vitro fertilization can enable female HIV-positive patients who desire to become mothers to have a healthy pregnancy. To reduce the chance of infection transfer to the kid, the woman is kept on medication throughout her pregnancy. IVF treatment is a godsend for HIV patients since it allows them to become parents.
What happens if the male partner is HIV infected?
Yes, you can utilise your sperm during IVF therapy if you’re an HIV-positive male contemplating it. Advances in ART have made it possible. India IVF Clinic works with HIV- positive male intended parents on a regular basis. This method entails separating motile sperm from the rest of the ejaculation using sperm washing, followed by insemination of the washed sperm into the egg via IVF–ICSI.
What is IVF sperm washing?
By separating sperm from its seminal fluid, sperm washing allows your fertility expert or doctor to eliminate the chance of virus transmission. It enables doctors to pinpoint the virus’s location, reducing the danger of HIV transmission to the surrogate and kid.
Tests required for IVF prospective parents
If you’re thinking about IVF at India IVF clinic, you’ll need to go through a battery of tests to verify that your gestational carrier is safe throughout her journey.
Viral Load and Blood Tests for HIV
You’ll need to get an HIV viral load test before starting your IVF cycle to see how many HIV cells you have.
What is the impact of antiretroviral therapy on IVF treatment
Antiretroviral therapy (ART) is a combination of antiretroviral (ARV) medications used to slow the progression of HIV illness and keep the virus under control. If you’ve been diagnosed with HIV and haven’t started treatment yet, you’ll need to do so before beginning your route to parenting.
Don’t worry, the ARV medicines won’t interfere with your IVF therapy.
What is IVF and how can it help HIV-positive couples conceive without transmitting the virus to their child?
What is ICSI and how does it assist in IVF for HIV-positive couples?
Is sperm washing a safe and effective method for preventing HIV transmission during conception?
What are the success rates of IVF for HIV-positive couples in India?
Can HIV-positive men and women safely undergo fertility treatments?
How does the IVF process work for HIV-positive couples?
What are the risks involved in IVF for HIV-positive individuals?
What is the cost of IVF and other fertility treatments for HIV-positive couples in India?
Can HIV-positive couples use donor sperm or eggs in IVF?
Are there any special precautions that need to be taken during pregnancy if one parent is HIV positive?
when hiv antibodies appear?
why hiv test in pregnancy?
how hiv transfer from mother to child?
Can I have a baby if I have HIV?
How to have a child without transmitting HIV?
Is IVF safe for HIV positive couples?
HIV and infertility: What are the HIV positive fertility treatment options?
1. Sperm washing: This is a process where the sperm is separated from other fluids in semen in order to reduce the risk of transmitting HIV to a partner or baby during conception.
2. IVF: In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a procedure where eggs are removed from the woman's ovaries and fertilized with sperm in a laboratory. The fertilized eggs are then transferred to the woman's uterus, where they may implant and grow into a pregnancy.
3. ICSI (intracytoplasmic sperm injection) can be used as part of the IVF process for HIV-positive couples. It involves injecting a single sperm directly into an egg in a laboratory dish. This technique can help overcome male fertility issues or low sperm count that may be present in HIV-positive men. Sperm washing is typically performed before ICSI to reduce the risk of transmitting the virus to the woman or the child.After ICSI, the resulting embryo is cultured in a laboratory for a few days before being transferred to the woman's uterus. ICSI can increase the chances of successful fertilization and pregnancy for HIV-positive couples undergoing IVF.
4. Surrogacy: A surrogate can carry a pregnancy for an HIV-positive individual or couple. The sperm can be washed before being used to fertilize an egg from the surrogate, and the resulting embryo can be implanted into the surrogate's uterus.
5. Donor sperm or eggs: HIV-positive individuals or couples can use donor sperm or eggs to conceive a child. The sperm or eggs are tested for HIV and other infectious diseases before being used in IVF or artificial insemination.
6. Medication adjustments: In some cases, adjustments to HIV medications can improve fertility. An HIV specialist can help determine if medication changes could help.
It's important for individuals or couples living with HIV who are interested in starting a family to discuss their options with a healthcare provider who specializes in reproductive health for individuals with HIV. They can help determine the best course of action based on the individual's medical history and goals for starting a family.
What is sperm washing and how does it help prevent HIV transmission during conception?
After the sperm washing process, the purified sperm can then be used for in vitro fertilization (IVF). The sperm washing procedure helps reduce the risk of HIV transmission from an HIV-positive male to a female partner during conception. It is a safe and effective way to allow HIV-positive couples to have children without passing on the virus to their children.
Sperm washing is typically recommended for HIV-positive couples who wish to conceive. By removing the HIV virus from the sperm, the risk of HIV transmission to the woman and the child during conception can be significantly reduced. Sperm washing is also used in combination with other assisted reproductive techniques, such as IVF, to further reduce the risk of HIV transmission during conception.
Overall, sperm washing is a critical component of assisted reproduction for HIV-positive couples. It helps to provide a safe and effective way for HIV-positive individuals to have children without transmitting the virus to their partners or offspring.
Can an HIV-positive couple have children?
Is there any fear of infection passing on to the child or the mother after using such techniques?
Why don’t all clinics perform IVF for HIV positive patients?
Can HIV positive donate sperm?
Sperm washing HIV cost?
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