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Fibroids Cause Infertility

Can Fibroids Cause Infertility? Understanding the Impact on Fertility

| 16 Nov 2023 | 150644 Views |


Fibroids are a common concern among women, especially those trying to conceive. If you’ve been wondering, “Do fibroids cause infertility?” you’re not alone. In this comprehensive article, we’ll dive into the world of fibroids and their potential impact on fertility. We’ll cover topics ranging from fibroid size and location to their effects on pregnancy and treatment options. So, let’s unravel the mysteries surrounding fibroids and their connection to infertility.

Fibroids and Infertility

Fibroids, also known as uterine leiomyomas, are noncancerous growths of the uterus. They can vary in size, number, and location within the uterus. While many women with fibroids have no trouble conceiving, these benign tumors can sometimes interfere with fertility.

Size and Location Matter

The size and location of fibroids play a crucial role in their impact on fertility. Large fibroids that distort the uterine cavity can hinder implantation, making it difficult for a fertilized egg to attach to the uterine lining. Similarly, fibroids that block the fallopian tubes can obstruct the egg’s journey to meet the sperm, reducing the chances of conception.

Cervical Fibroids

Cervical fibroids, which develop in or near the cervix, may also affect fertility. They can block the passage of sperm into the uterus, making it challenging for fertilization to occur. These fibroids may require specific treatment strategies.

Changes to the Shape of Your Uterus

Fibroids can alter the shape of your uterus, impacting its ability to support a pregnancy. This can lead to a higher risk of miscarriage or complications during pregnancy.

Blocked Fallopian Tubes

Fibroids that block or press against the fallopian tubes can disrupt the normal fertilization process. Eggs and sperm may struggle to meet, decreasing the likelihood of conception.

Fibroids and Your Baby

If you do conceive with fibroids, there’s still more to consider. Fibroids can affect your pregnancy and delivery. They may lead to:

  • Increased Risk of C-section: Fibroids can obstruct the birth canal, making a cesarean section (C-section) more likely.
  • Preterm Birth: Fibroids may cause your baby to be born prematurely, which can come with its own set of complications.
  • Miscarriage: The presence of fibroids can increase the risk of miscarriage, especially if they affect the uterine cavity.

Treating Fibroids

If you suspect that fibroids are affecting your fertility or pregnancy, it’s essential to explore treatment options. Treatment can range from medication to surgery, depending on the severity of your condition. Discussing your options with a healthcare professional is crucial.

Should I Get Treatment for My Fibroids to Improve My Fertility?

Deciding whether to seek treatment for fibroids is a personal choice. If fibroids are significantly impacting your fertility and quality of life, treatment may be recommended. However, not all fibroids require treatment, and some women with fibroids have successful pregnancies without intervention. It’s essential to consult with a healthcare provider to determine the best course of action for your specific situation.

Can Fibroids Affect My Pregnancy?

Yes, fibroids can affect your pregnancy in various ways, as mentioned earlier. If you have fibroids and are pregnant or planning to become pregnant, it’s essential to work closely with your healthcare team to monitor and manage any potential complications.


In conclusion, fibroids can indeed play a role in infertility and may impact various stages of pregnancy. Understanding the size and location of fibroids is crucial when assessing their potential effects on fertility. If you have concerns about fibroids and fertility, seek guidance from a healthcare professional who can provide personalized advice and treatment options tailored to your unique situation.

FAQs about Fibroids and Fertility

Fibroids can affect fertility, but not all cases result in infertility. It depends on factors like size and location.

Fibroids can increase the risk of complications during pregnancy, including preterm birth and miscarriage.

Treatment options are available and should be discussed with a healthcare provider based on your specific situation.

Symptoms can vary but may include heavy menstrual bleeding, pelvic pain, and frequent urination.

While some natural remedies may offer relief from symptoms, they may not directly improve fertility.

In some cases, fibroids may shrink or disappear without treatment, but this isn't guaranteed.

Not necessarily. Treatment depends on factors such as size, location, and symptoms.

Yes, many women with fibroids can conceive and have healthy pregnancies.

Diagnostic methods include ultrasounds, MRIs, and sometimes, hysteroscopy.

Like any surgical procedure, there are potential risks, which should be discussed with your surgeon.

About The Author
Dr. Richika Sahay

MBBS (Gold Medalist), DNB (Obst & Gyne), MNAMS, MRCOG (London-UK), Fellow IVF, Fellow MAS, Infertility (IVF) Specialist & Gynae Laparoscopic surgeon,[Ex AIIMS & Sir Gangaram Hospital, New Delhi]. Read more

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