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Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS): Treatment, Symptoms & Causes

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a health issue that distresses 1 in 10 ladies of procreation age. Women who are affected with PCOS face metabolism issues and hormonal disparity that might badly influence their appearance and overall health. PCOS is however a general curable cause of infertility.

Due to Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), you will be affected by the following health problems:

  • Unnecessary facial and body hair
  • Acne in face
  • Increase the risk of high blood pressure and diabetes
  • Prevent periods and make them difficult to forecast

However, you can undergo treatment for such symptoms and then after you will be able to conceive. You might intake medication to boost fertility.

Some women affected by polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) might come across cysts in their ovaries. That is the reason it is called Polycystic. But that doesn’t mean that every woman with PCOS is affected by cysts.

Who gets PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome)?

Nearly women between the age of 15 to 44, 5% and 10% of women can get affected by PCOS, or they can suffer during the possibility of childbirth. Most women detect PCOS between their 20s and 30s. So in case, in these years, they are getting problems in conceiving a child, then they should consult a gynecologist. However, PCOS can affect women at any age after puberty

Moreover, civilization and race don’t matter because all women can have the risk of PCOS. Women who are having obesity problems or if they have a mother sister and females related to PCOS have a much higher risk of PCOS.

Hormones and PCOS

At the time of PCOS, the reproductive hormones get imbalanced. This will eventually bring complications with your ovaries, for example, you are not having a period in time or not having a period.

Common Symptoms of PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome)

If any female is facing problems like unnecessary weight gain, late or untimely period, no period, oily skin, or acne then they can be the symptoms of polycystic ovary (or ovarian) syndrome. You might be thinking these are usual issues with you, but you need to consult the doctor when things are not in normal control.

In this syndrome, there are many symptoms, and it is not necessary that you have all of that symptoms. So for that, you need to trace the indication and see the doctor.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) Treatment

Well, there is no specific or sole screening to identify whether you come across polycystic ovary syndrome or PCOS. You can tell your symptoms to your doctor and then he/she will suggest some physical tests and blood tests to trace if you have PCOS

PCOS, as we have already told that it a general hormone imbalance that can result in issues with your skin, weight, period and fertility. If you have found this indication sooner or later, start the treatment as much as possible.

  • What you will need to tell your doctor or what your doctor will ask
  • Your doctor will definitely want to know about the symptoms and signs that you have observed. This is very crucial to identify whether you got PCOS and to deny other conditions that have the same indications.
  • It is important to tell medical history about your family which may include your mother, sister, or any female relative. Whether they have or had PCOS at any time, or they are getting issues becoming pregnant. This detail is useful – if PCOS has already in your family.
  • Don’t hesitate to share any period abnormality problems with your doctor. If you have experienced weight change or other concerns, then openly discuss them with your doctor.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common causes that obstruct women to become pregnant.

These are hormonal disorders that disturb the reproductive mechanism of women. Generally, when you have polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), the size of your ovaries becomes bigger than normal size. The larger size of ovaries can contain several small cysts having immature eggs

Hormone disparity

Due to PCOS, the affected women produce elevated levels of androgens than normal. These are generally known as male hormones because men contain a much higher level of androgens as compared to women.
We should understand that Androgens are crucial in the expansion of male sex organ and other male characteristics
While in women androgens are generally transformed into the estrogen hormone

PCOS and its affect on your fertility What You Can Do About It

We know that PCOS is one most general causes of obstacles in conceiving a baby. This hormonal imbalance creates disturbance in the reproductive mechanism of women.

Ovulation Problems

When women have high levels of androgens then it affects the growth of eggs and normal fertilization of eggs. This procedure is called ovulation.

What are my treatment options for PCOS if I want to get pregnant?

There are numerous alternatives that help to grow your chance of conceiving a baby even if you have PCOS:

Medications

After you find the cause of infertility due to PCOS, then you and your spouse can consult the doctor. The doctor may recommend effective medicines to assist you to ovulate.

In vitro fertilization (IVF)

If medications failed to work, then you can consider In vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment. In this process, the egg is fertilized with your spouse’s sperm in a laboratory and then insert into your uterus to grow and implant. IVF has a much higher possibility of pregnancy. It has a low risk of having twins and triplets (by permitting your surgeon to insert a single fertilized egg into your uterus)

Losing weight

Obesity is causing problems in your pregnancy or it is because of PCOS, then you must try to lose weight. You can do it by making a balanced and healthy diet. Doing regular exercise, physical workouts and yoga will help you to boost your fertility and allow your menstrual cycle to normal. You can consult any fitness trainer for that, keeping your health concern in your mind

Surgery

The surgery is also a great alternative and you should only consider this method if the other option doesn’t work for you. Because of PCOS, the exterior shell (known as the cortex) of ovaries is thickened in women which restricts the natural process of ovulation. Surgery is known as ovarian drilling, in which surgeons, create a few holes in the facade of ovaries with the help of fine needles heated with electricity or lasers. This surgery will help to reinstate ovulation for the period of 6 to 8 months

What is the recent research on PCOS?

There is much research happening for a new method of treating PCOS and some latest research concentrate on:

  • Health issues for kids of women with PCOS
  • Heredity and PCOS
  • Ecological Revelation and PCOS risk
  • Racial and cultural dissimilarity in PCOS symptoms
  • Medications and supplements to resume ovulation
  • Obesity and its connection to PCOS

How does my diet affect PCOS?

Women that affected by PCOS are generally have greater than normal insulin levels. Insulin is generated in your pancreas and it allow the cells present in your body to transform sugar(glucose) into energy.

If you don’t produce enough insulin, your blood sugar levels can rise. This can also happen if you’re insulin resistant, meaning you aren’t able to use the insulin you do produce effectively.

Your blood sugar level can increase if you don’t produce a normal ratio of insulin. This can also take place when you are not competent to generate insulin normally or you are insulin resistant.

If you are insulin resistant, then your body might endeavor to squeeze high levels of insulin. The excessive level of insulin will compel your ovaries to produce more androgens (such as testosterone)

This person with insulin resistance can also have obesity problems. It will become difficult for such a person to lose weight, which is the reason why women with PCOS often have obesity problems.

People who intake meals that contain sugary eatable, starchy items and refined carbohydrates, can have insulin resistance. And that is why weight loss becomes difficult.

What foods should I add to my diet?

Foods to add

  • Spices and foods that are anti-inflammatory such as tomatoes and turmeric
  • Lean protein such as fish, plain Greek yogurt, beans, peas, lentils etc
  • High fiber vegetable such as beetroot, broccoli, carrot

Foods to avoid

  • Inflammatory foods such as red meat, processed food, Vegetable and seed oils, refined carbohydrates, Excessive alcohol etc
  • Sugar products, snacks, drinks etc
  • Foods that are high in refined carbohydrates such as muffins and white bread

Polycystic Ovarian Disease

Consider other changes in lifestyle

PCOS positively eliminated through effective lifestyle choices

This will include regular workouts, and exercise.. Both these will help in decreasing insulin resistance, specifically when you have consumed a restrained amount of unhealthful carbohydrates.

Several experts recommend that a person should do a physical workout and exercise minimum of 150 minutes per week.

Low sugar consumption, and a low inflammatory diet also helps in reducing weight, Women might increase their ovulation due to weight loss. Women who are fat should consider exercise and balanced diet to get pregnant.

The symptoms linked with PCOS can bring stress. So you need to do stress reduction methods and activities that will help your mind to be calm and connect with your body. Yoga and meditation will help you to eliminate stress.

You can also consult a therapist, yoga practitioner, mediation expert or IVF specialist that will help you to live a healthy and normal life.

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