Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) refers to a group of symptoms that is concerned with the ovaries and ovulation. It is clinically interpreted as:
In PCOS, various tiny, fluid-filled cyst like sacs develop inside the ovaries, which gives it a “polycystic” appearance. These sacs are the follicles, which contains an immature egg. However, these eggs fail to attain enough maturity for trigger ovulation. The lack of ovulation results in an imbalance in the female hormonal level like estrogen, progesterone, FSH, and LH. Ultimately, the ratio of female to male hormones gets confused that results in an abnormally low level of estrogen and progesterone levels, with very high androgen levels. This imbalance of hormone leads to missing of menstrual periods and results in problems relating to conception. It also adds to long-term health obstacles like diabetes and cardiac disease. Contraceptive pills and drugs for diabetes also fixes the imbalance in hormone and thus improves the symptoms.
The precise causes of PCOS are still unknown to doctors. However, it is believed that high levels of androgens stop ovaries from producing the female hormones that make eggs normally. insulin resistance, inflammation and genetic factors have also been associated with the excess of androgen production.
Some women may observe symptoms when they have their first menstrual period. While others realize they have PCOS only when they gain a lot of weight or when they face trouble getting pregnant.
The most obvious symptoms of PCOS are
Lifestyle modifications are considered to be the first treatments that doctors recommend for PCOS. Weight loss is also quite important for treating PCOS symptoms and improve the chances of getting pregnant. Taking a good balanced diet and exercising are two powerful ways to lose weight.
Medicines are only an option if lifestyle changes don’t work. Birth control pills and drug like Metformin can both return back your normal menstrual cycles and relieve PCOS symptoms.
Many women who have PCOS and undergoes IVF treatment can find success in getting pregnant after following the diet and medications for PCOS.
At India IVF Clinics we provide the most comprehensive range of services to cover all the requirements at a Fertility clinic including in-house lab, consultations & treatments.