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The Mystery if High

Unraveling the Mystery of High Prolactin Levels and Their Treatment

| 31 Jul 2023 | 1948 Views |


In the vast expanse of human physiology, hormones are the unseen puppeteers, subtly pulling strings to ensure harmony and balance. Among these essential hormones, Prolactin holds a pivotal role, especially in women’s fertility. It is the beacon guiding us through the often murky waters of infertility problems, especially those led by high levels of this hormone.

India IVF Fertility, with clinics spread across DelhiNoidaGurgaon and Gwalior, stands as a beacon of hope for those grappling with fertility issues. This article aims to shed light on the role of prolactin in fertility and the impact of its high levels on women’s fertility.

The Prolactin Story

Prolactin, produced in the pituitary gland, is primarily responsible for breast milk production after childbirth. However, this hormone is a jack of all trades. Here’s a quick rundown of its other functions:

  • Regulating menstrual cycles
  • Assisting in the regulation of the immune system
  • Supporting the metabolism

When the levels of this hormone escalate beyond the norm, it might lead to certain health issues, one of them being infertility.

Understanding Normal Prolactin Levels

The levels of prolactin in the bloodstream can vary throughout the day, and they are influenced by factors such as stress and the stage of the menstrual cycle. However, the following table provides a general reference for what can be considered “normal” prolactin levels.

Status Prolactin Level (ng/mL)
Non-Pregnant Women 2-18
Pregnant Women Up to 209 in the third trimester
Men 2-18

It’s important to note that these are average ranges, and slight variations might not necessarily indicate a problem. However, significantly high or low levels of prolactin can signal an underlying issue and should be investigated by a healthcare professional.

The Link Between High Prolactin in Women and Infertility

The Connection Unveiled

High prolactin levels can be a sneaky cause of infertility. You may ask, “How does this happen?” It all ties back to the menstrual cycle. Elevated levels of prolactin can disrupt the delicate balance of other hormones, such as estrogen and progesterone, leading to irregular menstrual cycles or even absence of periods (amenorrhea), thus making conception difficult.

Decoding How High Prolactin Levels Cause Infertility

In the intricate dance of hormones that orchestrates fertility, prolactin plays a key role. So, when its levels go off-kilter, it disrupts the balance, leading to fertility issues. High levels of prolactin inhibit the release of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH), which subsequently leads to a reduced secretion of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH). These hormones are critical for the development and release of eggs during each menstrual cycle.

High prolactin levels can lead to:
  • Infrequent ovulation or failure to ovulate, reducing the chances of conception.
  • Insufficient progesterone production after ovulation, known as luteal phase defect, which can impair implantation and early embryo development.

Spotting the Signs

Typically, the symptoms of high prolactin include:
  • Irregular or absent periods
  • Milky discharge from the breasts unrelated to breastfeeding
  • Unexplained infertility

If you’ve been experiencing these signs, it might be high time to check your prolactin levels.

Tackling High Prolactin Levels at India IVF Fertility

India IVF Fertility, operating in Delhi, Noida, and Gurgaon, is well-equipped to manage high prolactin levels. The clinic takes a personalized approach to each case, ensuring that the treatment plans are tailored to the individual’s specific needs.

Treatment for High Prolactin Levels: Lighting the Way to Parenthood

The first step in the treatment of high prolactin levels is diagnosing the cause. This could involve blood tests, physical examinations, and imaging tests.

The treatment approach at India IVF Fertility includes:
  • Medications: Drugs like bromocriptine and cabergoline, which mimic the action of dopamine (a hormone that controls prolactin release), are often the first line of treatment. They effectively reduce prolactin levels, restore normal ovulation and fertility in most patients.
  • Surgery or Radiation: In cases where medication isn’t effective or if a pituitary tumor is causing the increased prolactin levels, surgery or radiation might be recommended.
  • Lifestyle Modifications: Stress management, a balanced diet, regular exercise, and adequate sleep can help regulate hormone levels, including prolactin.


Navigating the fertility landscape can be daunting, especially when high prolactin levels throw a wrench in the works. But with clinics like India IVF Fertility, located in Delhi, Noida, and Gurgaon, the journey becomes less challenging. If you’ve been grappling with the effects of high prolactin on your fertility, remember: help is just a call away. Together, let’s demystify infertility!


Frequently Asked Questions

High prolactin levels can be due to various reasons, including stress, certain medications, and pituitary disorders. In some cases, the cause remains unknown.

Treatment typically involves medications to lower the prolactin levels. In certain cases, surgery might be required.

High prolactin levels can make conception difficult but not impossible. With appropriate treatment, you can increase your chances of getting pregnant.

Research suggests a possible link between high prolactin levels and an increased risk of miscarriage in early pregnancy. However, more studies are required to confirm this.

A simple blood test can be used to measure prolactin levels.

Normal prolactin levels in non-pregnant women are typically between 2 and 18 ng/mL. The levels can be higher in pregnant women.

Yes, stress can lead to an increase in prolactin levels.

The cost varies depending on the specific treatment plan. For more details, you can contact the clinic.

The clinics are located in Delhi, Noida, and Gurgaon.

Apart from treating high prolactin levels, India IVF Fertility offers a wide range of services, including In Vitro Fertilization (IVF), Intrauterine Insemination (IUI), and fertility preservation.

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India IVF Clinic

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