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How Do Vaginal Infections Influence Conception

Unlocking Fertility Mysteries: How Do Vaginal Infections Influence Conception?

| 19 Jul 2023 | 2350 Views |


Navigating the road to parenthood is a journey marked by joy, hope, and sometimes, obstacles. Understanding the potential roadblocks is crucial to a successful conception journey. At India IVF Fertility, our expert team, with centers in Delhi, Noida, Gurgaon and Gwalior, is dedicated to helping you unravel these complexities. Today, we shine a light on a subject that often remains under the radar but can significantly impact fertility—vaginal infections.

What are Vaginal Infections?

Vaginal infections or vaginitis is a common condition characterized by inflammation or infection of the vagina. It’s not a topic most people chat about over a cup of chai, but it’s one that could potentially hold the key to successful conception.

Types of Vaginal Infections

Vaginal infections are primarily of three types:

  • Bacterial Vaginosis (BV): A condition characterized by an overgrowth of harmful bacteria.
  • Yeast Infections: These occur when the balance of yeast and bacteria in the vagina is disturbed, leading to an overgrowth of yeast, primarily Candida.
  • Trichomoniasis: A sexually transmitted infection caused by a parasite.

Signs and Symptoms of Vaginal Infections

Vaginal infections often come with a bundle of symptoms. But remember, not all symptoms imply an infection, and not all infections show symptoms. Classic signs include:

  • Abnormal vaginal discharge
  • Itching, burning, or irritation
  • Pain during intercourse
  • Unpleasant odor

Causes of Vaginal Infections

Vaginal infections are often caused by an imbalance of the bacteria and yeast naturally found in the vagina. Factors that can trigger this imbalance include:

  • Antibiotics
  • Hormonal changes
  • Sexual activity
  • Douching

Impact of Vaginal Infections on Fertility

Now, let’s cut to the chase and address the elephant in the room: “Can vaginal infections affect fertility or conception?”

Can Vaginal Infections Affect Fertility/Conception?

While vaginal infections are common, their impact on fertility is not as well-known. However, some research suggests that certain infections like bacterial vaginosis might increase the risk of infertility.

Role of Vaginal pH and Cervical Mucus in Fertility

Maintaining an optimal vaginal pH and healthy cervical mucus are crucial for conception. Infections can disrupt these, potentially making the vagina less hospitable to sperm.

How Infections Can Interfere with Sperm Function and Motility

Vaginal infections can alter the vaginal environment, affecting sperm function and motility. This can make it more challenging for the sperm to reach the egg, thus reducing the chances of conception.

Inflammatory Response and Its Effect on the Reproductive System

Infections can cause inflammation in the reproductive system, which may harm the fertilization process and implantation of the embryo.

Diagnosis of Vaginal Infections

Diagnosing a vaginal infection involves a physical examination and lab tests. Don’t let fear of the unknown stop you from seeking help. It’s better to face the music and dance, than to miss out on the melody altogether.

How Long Does It Take for Bacterial Vaginosis to Cause Infertility?

This is a tricky question, and the answer isn’t cut and dry. The impact of bacterial vaginosis on fertility can vary significantly between individuals. Some studies suggest that chronic or recurrent infections might have a more significant effect.

How to Treat Yeast Infection During Ovulation?

It’s best to consult with your healthcare provider for personalized treatment. Over-the-counter antifungal creams, ointments, or suppositories are commonly used. But remember, every cloud has a silver lining, and there’s always a way forward.

Can an Infection Stop Ovulation?

Some infections, like pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), may affect ovulation, but most vaginal infections, like yeast infections, typically don’t.

Can Candida Cause Infertility in a Woman?

There’s no definitive proof linking Candida to infertility. However, chronic yeast infections may indirectly affect fertility by causing discomfort during sex or altering the vaginal environment.

How to Treat Yeast Infection After Embryo Transfer?

Consult your doctor for appropriate treatment. It’s essential to monitor any symptoms and maintain open communication with your healthcare provider during this sensitive period.

Impact of Yeast Infection During IVF Stimulation

There is no significant evidence to suggest that yeast infections directly affect the success of IVF stimulation. However, they may cause discomfort and anxiety, which could potentially impact overall wellbeing during the IVF process.

Can an Infection Stop Me from Getting Pregnant?

Not all vaginal infections lead to infertility. However, if left untreated, some can cause complications that may influence fertility.

Impact of Yeast Infection While Trying to Get Pregnant

Yeast infections can make intercourse uncomfortable, which may indirectly impact your chances of getting pregnant. Furthermore, they may disrupt the vaginal pH, affecting sperm survival.


While the journey towards parenthood can be marked with hurdles, understanding the terrain can make the path smoother. Vaginal infections can be a silent speed-breaker on this journey, but with the right knowledge, you can overcome this hurdle. At India IVF Fertility, we’re committed to helping you navigate this journey with compassion, care, and scientific expertise.

About The Author
Dr. Richika Sahay

MBBS (Gold Medalist), DNB (Obst & Gyne), MNAMS, MRCOG (London-UK), Fellow IVF, Fellow MAS, Infertility (IVF) Specialist & Gynae Laparoscopic surgeon,[Ex AIIMS & Sir Gangaram Hospital, New Delhi]. Read more

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