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Deciphering Asthenozoospermia: Its Causes and Effects on Fertility

| 31 May 2023 | 1284 Views |


The human journey to parenthood, at times, isn’t as straightforward as one might imagine. Hidden hitches may show up, confounding even the heartiest hopefuls. One such hiccup that’s been causing a ruckus in the fertility world is Asthenozoospermia. Sounds like a real tongue twister, doesn’t it? Well, buckle up folks, we’re about to deep dive into understanding what the heck this long-named condition is, and more importantly, what causes Asthenozoospermia?

Asthenozoospermia, essentially, is a fancy term for sperm that don’t swim so well. This tadpole-like swimming deficiency has been responsible for countless headaches and heartaches for many aspiring parents.

Without further ado, let’s unravel the mystery of Asthenozoospermia and its causes.

The ABCs of Asthenozoospermia

To understand the causes of Asthenozoospermia, it’s important to understand what it is first. Simply put:

  1. Asthenozoospermia refers to a condition where the sperm motility (their ability to move) is below the necessary threshold for fertility.
  2. This means the little swimmers have a hard time making it to the egg for fertilization, leading to issues with conceiving.
  3. Asthenozoospermia is one of the major causes of male infertility.

Causes of Asthenozoospermia

Alright, enough with the introductions. Let’s get to the heart of the matter:
What are the causes of Asthenozoospermia?

Asthenozoospermia can be caused by a variety of factors, some of which include:

  • Genetic Disorders: Genetic abnormalities such as Y chromosome deletions can influence sperm motility.
  • Lifestyle Factors: Everything from smoking and alcohol to unhealthy diet and stress can lead to poor sperm quality, including Asthenozoospermia.
  • Medical Conditions: Conditions such as varicocele (enlargement of veins within the scrotum) or infections can affect sperm movement.
  • Medications and Treatments: Certain medications and treatments like chemotherapy can also influence sperm motility.
  • Hormonal Imbalances: Hormones play a vital role in sperm production and motility. An imbalance in hormones like testosterone can result in Asthenozoospermia.
  • Physical Trauma: Any injury or trauma to the testicles can affect sperm motility.
  • Environmental Factors: Exposure to harmful environmental factors like radiation, toxins or high temperatures can influence sperm quality.
  • Surgical Procedures: Certain surgeries, especially in the pelvic region, can cause Asthenozoospermia.
  • Psychological Factors: Studies have indicated that psychological stress can negatively impact sperm quality and movement.
  • Obesity: Research suggests that a high body mass index (BMI) is linked with decreased sperm motility.
  • Age: As men age, sperm quality and motility tend to decline. This can lead to Asthenozoospermia.
  • Immunological Disorders: Some men may produce anti-sperm antibodies that negatively affect sperm motility.
  • Retrograde Ejaculation: This condition, where semen enters the bladder instead of emerging through the penis during orgasm, can cause Asthenozoospermia.
  • Prolonged Sexual Abstinence: Contrary to popular belief, longer periods of sexual abstinence can actually decrease sperm motility.
  • Prostatitis: Chronic inflammation of the prostate gland can impair sperm motility.
  • Epididymitis: Inflammation of the epididymis, a tube located at the back of the testicles that stores and carries sperm, can result in Asthenozoospermia.
  • Use of Anabolic Steroids: Anabolic steroids, often used for bodybuilding, can interfere with sperm production and motility.
  • Excessive Exercise: While regular exercise is beneficial, excessive physical activity can lead to a decrease in sperm motility.

Understanding the various causes of Asthenozoospermia is a key step in addressing the condition and seeking appropriate treatment.

This isn’t a one-size-fits-all kind of situation, and the causes can vary from person to person.

Role of India IVF Fertility Clinic in Addressing Asthenozoospermia

Now, you might be thinking, “Well, this all sounds rather daunting. What can I do about it?” Fear not, dear reader, because that’s where the superheroes at India IVF Fertility Clinic swoop in!

At India IVF Fertility Clinic, we’re armed with a team of fertility experts who are well-versed in handling cases of Asthenozoospermia. We offer a host of tests and treatments tailored to the needs of the individual. Together, we can navigate the often murky waters of fertility, ensuring you’re not alone in this journey.


While Asthenozoospermia can pose a significant challenge in the journey towards parenthood, it’s important to remember that you’re not alone. With a better understanding of the causes of Asthenozoospermia, we can arm ourselves with knowledge and seek the appropriate help. Here at India IVF Fertility Clinic, we are committed to helping you navigate this journey. Because every bump in the road is worth it when it leads to the joy of holding your little one in your arms.


The causes can include genetic disorders, lifestyle factors, certain medical conditions, and certain medications or treatments.

Yes, Asthenozoospermia is one of the major causes of male infertility.

Absolutely! Lifestyle factors such as diet, smoking, alcohol, and stress can influence sperm motility.

Yes, depending on the cause, Asthenozoospermia is treatable. Various fertility treatments are available at India IVF Fertility Clinic.

Yes, certain genetic disorders can cause Asthenozoospermia.

Some medications and treatments like chemotherapy can affect sperm motility.

We have a dedicated team of fertility experts who provide personalized tests and treatments based on individual needs.

Yes, high levels of stress can affect sperm quality, including their motility.

About The Author
Dr. Richika Sahay

MBBS (Gold Medalist), DNB (Obst & Gyne), MNAMS, MRCOG (London-UK), Fellow IVF, Fellow MAS, Infertility (IVF) Specialist & Gynae Laparoscopic surgeon,[Ex AIIMS & Sir Gangaram Hospital, New Delhi]. Read more

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