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10-Proven-Steps-to-Prevent-Miscarriage-During-IVF

10 Proven Steps to Prevent Miscarriage During IVF: A Doctors Guide

| 17 Jul 2023 | 1774 Views |

Introduction

Welcome to the world of miracles, where every day at India IVF Fertility, we help turn dreams into reality. With branches in Delhi, Noida, and Gurgaon, we are committed to helping couples navigate the often turbulent journey of fertility treatments. This blog post will shed light on an important topic – how to prevent miscarriage during IVF (In Vitro Fertilization). It’s a delicate topic, no doubt, but with the right knowledge, it is manageable.

What is a Miscarriage?

A miscarriage is the spontaneous loss of a pregnancy before the 20th week1. It’s a heart-wrenching experience for any hopeful parents-to-be. During IVF, the emotional investment can make this event even more challenging.

Signs of Miscarriage After IVF Transfer:

  • Heavy bleeding, often with clots
  • Severe abdominal pain
  • Substantial decrease in pregnancy symptoms

Causes of Miscarriage After an IVF:

  • Genetic abnormalities: Many miscarriages occur because the embryo has an incorrect number of chromosomes.
  • Hormonal imbalances: Conditions like PCOS can lead to hormonal imbalances, making it difficult for the embryo to implant properly.
  • Health conditions in the mother: Certain conditions, such as diabetes, can increase the risk of miscarriage.
  • Age of the mother: The risk of miscarriage increases with age, particularly for women aged 35 and above.
  • Lifestyle factors: Factors like smoking, alcohol, and excessive caffeine can increase the risk of miscarriage.

10 Steps to Prevent Miscarriage during IVF:

  1. Choose a competent IVF clinic: The skills and experience of the IVF team play a significant role in your journey. A proficient team like India IVF Fertility can help optimize the conditions for a successful pregnancy.
  2. Implement a healthy lifestyle: This includes balanced nutrition, regular exercise, quitting smoking, and limiting alcohol and caffeine.
  3. Preimplantation Genetic Testing (PGT): This can help identify embryos with genetic abnormalities.
  4. Manage chronic conditions: If you have a chronic condition like diabetes, managing it effectively can reduce your risk of miscarriage.
  5. Consider using donor eggs or sperm: If the risk of genetic abnormalities is high, using donor eggs or sperm can be an option.
  6. Use of frozen embryos: Recent research suggests that using frozen embryos in IVF can reduce the risk of miscarriage.
  7. Opt for a single embryo transfer: Transferring more than one embryo does not necessarily increase the chance of pregnancy but can increase the risk of complications.
  8. Taking prescribed medications: The doctor will prescribe certain medications and hormones such as progesterone following the IVF procedure to support the pregnancy in its initial stages. It is crucial to take these as directed to increase the chances of a successful pregnancy.
  9. Regular monitoring: Frequent check-ups and monitoring can help detect any potential problems early on. Early detection of complications can enable timely intervention and potentially prevent miscarriage.
  10. Stress management: While stress doesn’t directly cause miscarriage, chronic stress can impact your overall health, which in turn may affect your pregnancy.
    Employ stress management techniques such as yoga, meditation, and mindfulness to maintain a healthy mental state during your IVF journey.

Does IVF Reduce the Risk of Miscarriage?

IVF itself does not directly reduce the risk of miscarriage. However, techniques associated with IVF, such as PGT, can help select embryos with the highest chance of leading to a healthy pregnancy.

Chances of Miscarriage by Week After IVF:

The risk of miscarriage decreases as the pregnancy progresses. In the initial weeks following embryo transfer, the risk is highest. However, once the pregnancy reaches the 12th week, the risk significantly decreases.

Chances of Miscarriage After IVF Genetic Testing:

PGT significantly reduces the risk of miscarriage, especially for couples with a history of recurrent miscarriages or advanced maternal age.

Miscarriage Rates of Frozen Embryo Transfer:

Frozen embryo transfer (FET) has been shown to result in lower miscarriage rates compared to fresh embryo transfers.

Conclusion

While miscarriage after IVF can be a devastating experience, there are steps you can take to reduce the risk. The journey to becoming parents through IVF can be filled with challenges, but remember, you are not alone. Clinics like India IVF Fertility are with you every step of the way.

FAQs

Yes, the risk of miscarriage increases with age, particularly for women aged 35 and above.

Lifestyle changes such as adopting a healthy diet, regular exercise, quitting smoking, and limiting alcohol and caffeine can help reduce the risk of miscarriage.

The miscarriage rate after IVF varies depending on several factors such as maternal age, presence of chronic conditions, lifestyle factors, and the use of PGT.

IVF itself does not increase the chance of miscarriage. However, the underlying fertility issues that lead people to undergo IVF may increase the risk.

PGT can help identify embryos with genetic abnormalities, thereby reducing the risk of miscarriage.

Recent research suggests that frozen embryo transfer (FET) results in lower miscarriage rates compared to fresh embryo transfers.

Signs of miscarriage after IVF include heavy bleeding, often with clots, severe abdominal pain, and a substantial decrease in pregnancy symptoms.

While not all miscarriages can be prevented, following steps such as maintaining a healthy lifestyle, managing chronic conditions, and opting for genetic testing can significantly reduce the risk.

About The Author
Dr. Richika Sahay

MBBS (Gold Medalist), DNB (Obst & Gyne), MNAMS, MRCOG (London-UK), Fellow IVF, Fellow MAS, Infertility (IVF) Specialist & Gynae Laparoscopic surgeon,[Ex AIIMS & Sir Gangaram Hospital, New Delhi]. Read more

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