Semen Freezing

Everything You Need To Know About Semen Freezing

Semen freezing is commonly called sperm banking or sperm freezing, where the preservation of sperm cells is done. It is the process of collecting, analyzing, freezing, and storing a man’s sperm for further treatments or donations to other couples. Semen freezing can also be used for transgender women during their hormone replacement process.


People preserve their sperm cells for the future because they did not want to spoil their professional life. The longest reported successful period to store a man’s sperm is 24 years. Moreover, no evidence has been found that sperm freezing will affect the child at any point. There are no abnormalities in people having children from cryopreserved sperm as compared with the general population.

What is the process of semen freezing?

Semen freezing is considered one of the most successful methods of storing a man’s sperm to try and have a child at a later date. To begin with the sperm freezing process, the embryologist will first verify the sample whether belongs to the appropriate patient or not and evaluate the volume of the particular sample. They will also verify the sperm concentration, motility, and progression. After that, the sample will be placed in a tube and will combine with a sperm cryopreservation media.

Now, it will be distributed among pre-labeled cryopreservation vials for a test thaw vial. After the test, the embryologist will place it into a liquid nitrogen vapor and then into liquid nitrogen storage. The test vial is thawed to ensure the survivability of the sperm after they are frozen. Accordingly, it can be stored in this nitrogen substance for many years with the help of this sperm freezing process.

What would be the treatment of semen freezing for IVF?

Sperm freezing is beneficial for couples who are suffering from cancer or who have career and lifestyle choices or who spend a lot of time away from their significant other. IVF or virto fertilization is a method that helps couples with fertility problems to have babies easily. It has been published in a recent study by PLOS ONE that the frozen sperm testicular biopsy is as good as a normal sperm pregnancy. In the process of semen freezing for IVF, first of all, an egg is removed from the woman’s ovary to make it fertilized with the man’s sperm. Then the fertilized egg is placed in the woman’s womb so that it can grow and develop.

However, if the man has a low sperm count or did not have any sperm in his semen at all, then with the help of a biopsy, the viable sperm has to be retrieved directly from the testicle. After that, it can be used directly for pregnancy or can be stored for the future.

Explaining full protocol of semen freezing

Nowadays, semen freezing has become a routine process to check the survivability and usability of the sperm after preservation. The sperm freezing protocol has been explained below:

First of all, your sperm will be collected by masturbation only if you will follow 3 days of abstinence.
Now, it is time to measure the volume of the ejaculate, therefore, the sample will be liquefied at a temperature of 37℃ for 30 minutes.
After that, there will be a 5 ml vial of previously aliquoted freezing medium – TYB. It will be thawed and brought to a room temperature of 37℃.
Now, the sample will be transferred to a sterile 15 ml conical tube. The freezing medium – TYB will be added drop-wise. The drop will be added after a 30-second period until a 1:1 semen sample medium is achieved. It will be mixed thoroughly so that there is no bubble creation in the mixture.
The mixture will be allowed to equilibrate for almost 10 minutes at room temperature.
Now, at last, the final mixture will be transferred into the patient-labeled storage vessel as per the manufacturer’s filling protocol. The freezing process will be started now after sealing the device.

Is sperm freezing worth it?

Sperm freezing is a highly effective process as it has been done successfully since 1953 for people who want to preserve their fertility. However, many people want to know if sperm freezing is worth it or not?

Obviously, some sperms did not survive the freezing process because the survival of sperm does not cross over 50%. But if the sample is of high quality, you will definitely conceive a healthy baby. A survey has revealed that sperm did not lose its effectiveness after freezing and contains the same level of fertilization capacity just as fresh sperm. Therefore, we have no evidence to claim that frozen sperm will increase the risk of health issues for babies because it is the same as fresh sperm.

How much does sperm freezing cost?

People prefer to marry late because of their professional careers and therefore there is more possibility of medical complications when you want to have a child at a later stage. And thereafter they prefer to have a sperm freezing process so that their child remains safe and healthy. The success rate for pregnancy is 30%, which is satisfactory in the doctor’s language. Therefore, couples want to know how much do sperm freezing cost.

Sperm freezing is not an expensive treatment. If you want to freeze your sperm, it will cost only Rs. 1500 and the annual charges depend on the time period you want to freeze your sperm. And if you want to have an IUI treatment, it will cost Rs. 6000 only. Moreover, If you are doing sperm freezing for a medical reason, you can cover it by insurance also. Otherwise, the semen freezing cost in India requires testing & freezing cost and preservation costs separately. However, the cost varies from case to case if the patient wants to freeze their own sperm for a fixed time, then it will cost less. On the other hand, if any donor wants to freeze the sperm, it will cost high.

So if you are looking to have a biological child, it can be a great option, especially, if you are getting older, working in a dangerous job, or undergoing certain dangerous surgeries or treatment. it is an effective procedure as it carries less risk. You can try to have this treatment it has a good success rate.

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