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Deciphering A Normal

Deciphering A Normal Semen Analysis Report: Mastering Sperm Count, Motility, and Morphology

| 07 Aug 2023 | 1921 Views |


The road to parenthood can sometimes be challenging, with twists and turns. However, it is often the fear of the unknown that scares us the most. One such hurdle is understanding the technical medical reports, especially when you’re seeking help from fertility clinics. We are going to simplify one such report for you today – the semen analysis report.

What is a Semen Analysis Report?

A semen analysis report is a test conducted to evaluate male fertility. It involves an in-depth examination of a semen sample under a microscope to assess factors such as sperm count, their shape, movement, and several other parameters. It’s an integral part of a couple’s fertility assessment at an India IVF Fertility clinic.

Breaking Down The Semen Analysis Report

Here are some of the key components of a semen analysis report:

  • Sperm Count: It refers to the number of sperm present in one milliliter of semen. A normal sperm count report ranges from 15 million to more than 200 million sperm per milliliter.
  • Sperm Motility: It indicates the ability of sperm to move properly towards an egg. It’s categorized into two types – progressive motility and non-progressive motility.
  • Sperm Morphology: This refers to the shape and size of the sperm, which is critical for its ability to reach and penetrate the egg.
  • Volume: It is the quantity of semen that’s produced during ejaculation. The normal range is 1.5 to 5 milliliters.
  • Liquefaction Time: Semen initially has a gel-like consistency that becomes liquid within 20 minutes of ejaculation.

Understanding A Normal Semen Analysis Report

When we talk about a semen analysis normal range, it is crucial to remember that ‘normal’ can differ slightly from one laboratory to another due to variations in testing methods. However, the World Health Organization provides a general guide to what a normal semen analysis report might look like:

  • Volume of semen: 1.5 ml or more
  • Sperm concentration: 15 million sperm/ml or more
  • Total sperm count: 39 million sperm per ejaculate or more
  • Sperm motility: 40% or more with forward progression or 32% or more with rapid progression within 60 minutes of ejaculation
  • Sperm morphology: 4% or more with a normal shape

This guide can help you to check your semen analysis report more accurately. However, it’s best to discuss it with a professional from fertility clinics like India IVF Fertility for a precise understanding.

Extra Insights: Semen Analysis and the Journey of Fertility

Normal Semen Analysis Report: An Elucidation

With the knowledge of a semen analysis report under your belt, let’s dig a little deeper into what the numbers and terms in a normal semen analysis report or normal sperm report sample actually imply.

A semen analysis is an amalgamation of various factors that give a comprehensive look into a man’s fertility health. You may wonder, why are these numbers so crucial? Here’s a quick breakdown:

  • Semen Volume: The volume of semen is crucial because too little semen could imply fewer sperm. This could lead to potential issues with fertilization. A normal semen volume ranges from 1.5 ml to 5 ml.
  • Sperm Concentration: This indicates the number of sperm cells in a milliliter of semen. The more, the merrier! A normal semen analysis report will show a concentration of at least 15 million sperm/ml.
  • Total Sperm Count: It’s the total number of sperm in the entire ejaculation. The total sperm count in a normal sperm report sample should be at least 39 million.
  • Sperm Morphology: The sperm’s shape plays a vital role in its ability to fertilize the egg. A semen analysis normal report shows at least 4% of sperm having a standard form.
  • Sperm Motility: Sperm need to swim against the current to reach the egg. The percentage of moving sperm in a normal sperm count report should be at least 40%.

Normal Semen Analysis Report Sample

Now, how does a semen analysis test normal report look? Here’s a sample report for you:

Parameter Measurement Normal Range
Semen Volume 3 ml 1.5 – 5 ml
Sperm Concentration 65 million/ml 15 – 200 million/ml
Total Sperm Count 195 million Above 39 million
Sperm Morphology 6% Above 4%
Sperm Motility 50% Above 40%

If your semen analysis report falls within these ranges, congratulations! Your semen health is in the “normal” category. But remember, these values are just guidelines. Other factors like sexual health and overall lifestyle also play a significant role in fertility.

Interpreting Your Semen Analysis Report

Analyzing the numbers and understanding the implications can be a bit tricky. That’s where fertility experts like the ones at India IVF Fertility come in. The professionals at these clinics can guide you through the process, ensuring you have a clear understanding of your semen analysis report.

Understanding your fertility status can be overwhelming, but remember, knowledge is power. Armed with this information, you’ll be better equipped to navigate your path to parenthood.

what a typical semen analysis report from a fertility clinic such as India IVF Fertility might look like:



Patient Name: Mr. John Doe
Patient ID: 123456789
Sample ID: JD987654
Date of Birth: 1st Jan 1980
Physician: Dr. A. Kumar
Date of Sample Collection: 7th August 2023
Time of Sample Collection: 10:00 AM
Time of Analysis: 11:30 AM



1. Volume:
Result: 3.5 ml
Reference Range: 1.5 – 5.0 ml

2. Sperm Concentration:
Result: 70 million/ml
Reference Range: 15 – 200 million/ml

3. Total Sperm Count:
Result: 245 million
Reference Range: Above 39 million

4. Progressive Motility:
Result: 60%
Reference Range: Above 40%

5. Total Motility:
Result: 75%
Reference Range: Above 50%

6. Sperm Morphology:
Result: 7%
Reference Range: Above 4%

7. PH Level:
Result: 7.6
Reference Range: 7.2 – 8.0

8. Liquefaction Time:
Result: 25 minutes
Reference Range: 15 – 30 minutes


This report should be correlated with clinical conditions and other laboratory findings.
Dr. A. Kumar


Understanding a semen analysis report can be a daunting task with all the medical terminologies. But, with this comprehensive guide, we hope it’s now less of a mystery. Remember, it’s always best to discuss these reports with professionals at clinics like India IVF Fertility who can provide expert advice on the results and the path ahead.


  • World Health Organization. WHO laboratory manual for the examination and processing of human semen. 5th ed. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2010.

(Note: This article is based on up-to-date research and references as of August 2023. However, everyone’s body is unique, and what works for one person may not work for another. Always consult with a healthcare professional for the most personalized advice.)

About The Author
Dr. Richika Sahay

MBBS (Gold Medalist), DNB (Obst & Gyne), MNAMS, MRCOG (London-UK), Fellow IVF, Fellow MAS, Infertility (IVF) Specialist & Gynae Laparoscopic surgeon,[Ex AIIMS & Sir Gangaram Hospital, New Delhi]. Read more

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