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Sperm Health Affecting Factors and How to Improve it

Sperm Health: Affecting Factors and How to Improve it

| 17 Aug 2023 | 21383 Views |


Ahoy, future parents and health enthusiasts! Curious about what makes a sperm tick? Well, I’ve got a little nugget for ya. Sperm health isn’t just a fancy term thrown around in fertility clinics, it’s the cornerstone of male reproductive health. Ensuring sperm health is essential for those looking to start a family. If you’re shaking your head, thinking it’s all about quantity – think again! Movement, structure, and several external factors play a pivotal role too. Grab a cuppa and let’s jump into the nitty-gritty, shall we?

How to Know Sperm is Healthy

When you hear “healthy sperm”, what pops into your mind? If you’re thinking it’s just about the numbers, you’re only skimming the surface. Dive a little deeper, and you’ll realize it’s a combination of factors. Let’s break it down:

What Determines Sperm Health?


  • Count: For a sperm to pass the muster, a man should have at least 15 million sperm per milliliter of semen. Yup, you heard that right!
  • Total volume: A normal semen volume ranges between 2 and 5 milliliters. Every drop counts!


  • Motility: It’s not enough for the sperm to be present; they need to be movers and shakers! At least 40% of them should be moving.
  • Swimming speed: You’d want these little guys to be Olympians. The faster and straighter they swim, the higher the chances of them reaching their golden egg.


  • Morphology: It’s all about the looks here. A higher percentage of sperm with a normal shape increases fertility chances.
  • Anatomy: A healthy sperm typically has an oval head and a long tail to propel forward.

What Factors Can Affect My Sperm Health?

Life’s not all peaches and cream, and sometimes, certain factors can play spoilsport on your sperm health. Let’s dish them out:

  • Lifestyle choices: Smoking, excessive alcohol, and drug use.
  • Environmental toxins: Overexposure to pesticides, lead, or other chemicals.
  • Health issues: Obesity, infections, or hormone imbalances.
  • Medications and treatments: Certain antibiotics, surgeries, and radiation treatments.
  • Age: Hate to break it to you, but sperm quality diminishes as you age.

How to Improve Sperm Health

Kudos to you for making it this far! Now, if you’re biting your nails, wondering if there’s light at the end of this tunnel, the answer’s a resounding YES. Let’s chalk out a roadmap:

  • Eat a balanced diet: Remember, you are what you eat.
  • Exercise regularly: Get that heart rate up, and you’ll thank yourself later.
  • Limit toxins exposure: Be it through better workplace practices or avoiding certain chemicals.
  • Manage stress: Take a chill pill, meditate, or maybe just take a walk.
  • Limit alcohol: A glass of wine is fine, but don’t go overboard.
  • Avoid drugs and smoking: Your sperm will send you a thank-you note.
  • Consult a fertility expert: Places like India IVF Fertility in Delhi, Noida, Gurgaon and Gwalior can be your guiding star.


In the end, it’s essential to remember that while these factors play a pivotal role in sperm health, every individual is different. What’s crucial is being informed, making healthier choices, and seeking expert advice when in doubt. After all, the journey to parenthood is as much about health as it is about love.



You can undergo a semen analysis test at reputed clinics like India IVF Fertility.

Absolutely! As men age, sperm quality tends to decrease.

You bet! A balanced diet can work wonders on your sperm health.

Yes, sirree! Smoking can significantly reduce sperm count and motility.

Crucial! Sperm needs to move swiftly and effectively to reach the egg.

Unfortunately, yes. Some medicines can reduce sperm quantity and quality.

Regular exercise, about 3-5 times a week, can boost your sperm health.

You hit the nail on the head! Chronic stress can adversely impact sperm health.

Anywhere between 2 to 5 milliliters is considered normal.

Of course! India IVF Fertility, with branches in Delhi, Noida, and Gurgaon, can be your go-to.

About The Author
Dr. Richika Sahay

MBBS (Gold Medalist), DNB (Obst & Gyne), MNAMS, MRCOG (London-UK), Fellow IVF, Fellow MAS, Infertility (IVF) Specialist & Gynae Laparoscopic surgeon,[Ex AIIMS & Sir Gangaram Hospital, New Delhi]. Read more

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