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What is the role of Hormones in Female Infertility?

| 07 Mar 2022 | 2146 Views |

Infertility and Hormones at a glimpse

Women face pregnancy complications and pregnancy obstructions due to extreme levels of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) present in a woman’s blood. The role of Hormones in Fertility has a significant impact on deciding the pregnancy.

One of the reasons for IVF treatment failure is the Anomalous levels of estradiol (a significant form of estrogen). This is one of the hormonal causes of female infertility that lead the complications in a healthy pregnancy.

Fertility complication also takes place because of deficiency in levels of luteinizing hormone (LH) that encourage ovaries to produce eggs and begin the formation of Progesterone.

It is necessary to have normal levels of Progesterone present in the women uterus that make ready a womb for fertilizing eggs and chances of conceiving the baby.

Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)

Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) assists in handling the egg production and menstrual cycle. FSH levels are inspected generally on the day two or three of the menstruation to settle on a woman’s ovarian function and assess egg quality.

Normally, women that have high FSH levels present in their blood on day two or three of menstruation have less chance of live birth as compared to other women of a similar age besides having IVF treatment and ovulation stimulation.

At present, numerous laboratory techniques are utilized to evaluate FSH blood levels, and the assessment of these levels may be dissimilar depending on the technique used and the laboratory that has conducted the process. Hence, it is hard to compare blood levels that are inspected at several laboratories through a variety of methods.

It is imperative that standard and abnormal inspection values are based on the pregnancy rates acquired by women researched at a specific clinic utilizing similar laboratory techniques.


A woman’s ovarian utility and quality of eggs can be inspected by assessing estradiol (a significant type of estrogen) combined with the FSH test. This evaluation is also conducted on day two or three of the menstruation. The inspection of hormones infertility treatment is a common procedure.

The outcome of these evolutions is not a definite pointer to infertility, but abnormally high levels associate with reduced reaction to ovulation stimulation medications, and it leads to a low chance of IVF success. The surgeon needs to evaluate fertility hormone levels before undergoing any treatment.

It is necessary to understand the importance of female fertility hormones that are responsible for pregnancy. Consult your IVF surgeon and take the appropriate step.


The ovaries generate the progesterone hormone just after ovulation. In the mid-term cycle – 12 to 16 days post the 1st day of menstruation- progesterone makes the uterus ready to fertilize the eggs.

Progesterone levels usually increase in 1-week post ovulation and can be evaluated via fertility blood tests to identify the amount of Progesterone that exists in the bloodstream. After setting up a baseline of Progesterone in the blood, a surgeon will carry out mid-luteal serum Progesterone fertility tests for females approximately day 21 of menstruation or if urinary LH predictor tests show a positive sign with ovulation, seven days post this test is positive.

Luteinizing hormone

Luteinizing Hormone (LH) attracts the ovaries to release an egg and begin generating Progesterone (a hormone that makes the uterine prepare to nourish the fertilized egg. LH can be traced in a woman’s urine before ovulation takes place. This test helps in forecasting the ovulation to assess this enhancement of LH through a urine sample. LH testing is generally used testing to assist in boosting the possibility of a successful pregnancy.

About The Author
Dr. Richika Sahay

MBBS (Gold Medalist), DNB (Obst & Gyne), MNAMS, MRCOG (London-UK), Fellow IVF, Fellow MAS, Infertility (IVF) Specialist & Gynae Laparoscopic surgeon,[Ex AIIMS & Sir Gangaram Hospital, New Delhi]. Read more

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