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All about Spermatozoa You Want to Know

All about Spermatozoa You Want to Know

| 09 Oct 2023 | 89140 Views |


Future parents and curious minds! Ever found yourself pondering the mysteries of spermatozoa? Well, brace yourselves because you’re in for a treat! From understanding the nitty-gritty details like spermatozoa diagram and size to diving into abnormalities and their motility, we’re going to uncover all those burning questions you’ve had. And who better to guide you than India IVF Fertility, a trusted name nestled in the heart of Delhi, Noida, and Gurgaon.


Simply put, spermatozoa, commonly referred to as sperm, are the male reproductive cells. They’re on a mission! Their main goal? To fuse with a female egg, kickstarting the magic of life. But hold on a minute, there’s a lot more to these little swimmers than meets the eye!

Spermatozoa At a Glance

  1. Normal spermatozoa count range : This typically lies between 15 million to over 200 million sperm per milliliter of semen. Anything less, and we’re venturing into low spermatozoa count territory.
  2. Spermatozoa diagram : Picture a tadpole. A sperm cell has a head (housing DNA), a midpiece (packed with mitochondria for energy), and a tail (for that swift swimming).
  3. Spermatozoa motility : It’s all about movement! For conception to occur, sperm needs to be agile swimmers. Good motility ensures they reach and penetrate the egg.
  4. Spermatozoa morphology : Shape matters too! Ideally, sperm should have a rounded head and a long tail. Abnormalities in morphology might affect fertility.
  5. Low spermatozoa count : Known medically as oligospermia, it’s a scenario where the sperm count falls below 15 million per milliliter.
  6. Size of spermatozoa : They’re tiny! Measuring just around 50 micrometers in length. That’s 0.05 millimeters!
  7. Spermatozoa formation : Also known as spermatogenesis, it’s the process where sperm cells develop within the testes.
  8. Function of spermatozoa : Apart from fusion with the egg, sperm carries half of the DNA required to form a new individual.
  9. Abnormal spermatozoa : Sperm that doesn’t quite fit the mold in terms of shape, motility, or functionality.
  10. Dead spermatozoa : Yes, not all sperm cells are active or alive. Dead sperm won’t be able to fertilize an egg.


The world of spermatozoa is fascinating, intricate, and vital for the continuation of life. Whether you’re a hopeful parent or a knowledge seeker, understanding these microscopic warriors is crucial. Remember, if you ever have concerns regarding fertility or just need guidance, the doors of India IVF Fertility are always open. After all, the journey of life starts with just one swimmer making its mark!


FAQs: Dive Deeper with India IVF Fertility

A range of factors, from lifestyle choices like smoking to medical conditions such as varicoceles, can impact sperm count.

Abnormalities might hinder the sperm's ability to reach and penetrate the egg, making conception challenging.

Absolutely! A healthy lifestyle, balanced diet, and specific supplements can enhance sperm motility.

Hormones play a crucial role. Testosterone and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) primarily drive spermatogenesis.

The size ensures efficient movement and carries the right amount of genetic material.

The body continuously produces sperm, with millions being made every day!

Primarily, its function is fertilization, but research suggests it might play roles in female immunity during pregnancy.

While both can't fertilize an egg, abnormal sperm are alive but may have structural or functional defects, whereas dead sperm are non-functional and non-motile.

Yes, factors like poor motility or morphology can impede fertility, even with a normal count.

With top-tier clinics like India IVF Fertility in Delhi, Noida, and Gurgaon, you can undergo comprehensive semen analysis.

About The Author
Dr. Somendra Shukla

DNB, MRCPCH, Male Infertility Specialist Read more

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