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Deciphering Infertility: Bridging the Gap between Myths and Facts

| 03 Jun 2023 | 1327 Views |


We are diving into a topic today that’s close to the hearts of millions worldwide yet surrounded by an aura of misunderstanding – infertility. Are you wondering, “What is meant by infertile?” or maybe “Why does infertility occur?” Don’t worry, we’re about to untangle this intricate subject together.

Breaking Down Infertility: The Definition

Let’s start at the beginning with the definition of infertility. According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), infertility is defined as not being able to get pregnant despite having frequent, unprotected sex for at least a year for most couples.

In Hindi, infertility is referred to as बाँझपन (Banjhpan), carrying the same weight and meaning, bridging the language divide and reminding us that infertility is a global concern.

Speaking in ICD 10 terms, the medical classification list by the World Health Organization (WHO), infertility carries the code N97, further classified into several subcategories based on specifics.

The Infertility Enigma: Male and Female Factors

Let’s try to understand the difference between infertile man definition and what infertile egg means.

  • Male Infertility: A man might be infertile if he has issues with sperm production or delivery, due to various health conditions, lifestyle choices, or genetic disorders.
  • Infertile Egg: An infertile egg, on the other hand, is an egg that hasn’t been fertilized by a sperm, and therefore, can’t develop into an embryo.

Can Infertility be Treated?

One of the most frequent queries we receive is “Can infertility be cured in males?” or “Can infertility be cured in females?” The heartening news is that, yes, infertility can often be managed with medication, surgery, intrauterine insemination (IUI), or assisted reproductive technology (ART) such as in-vitro fertilization (IVF).

Why Does Infertility Happen?

Why does infertility occur in females? or How does infertility occur in male? – You may ask. Here are some of the most common culprits:

  • Age: Fertility tends to decline with age.
  • Lifestyle Factors: Smoking, alcohol, and being overweight or underweight can impact fertility.
  • Medical Conditions: Certain diseases
  • Sexual History: Certain sexually transmitted infections can cause infertility.


Though the journey of understanding and dealing with infertility can seem daunting, it’s essential to remember that you’re not alone. At the India IVF Fertility Clinic, we’re with you every step of the way, helping to turn obstacles into opportunities. Remember, every cloud has a silver lining!


An infertile man typically has problems with sperm production or delivery, which hampers his ability to cause pregnancy in a fertile female.

Female infertility can occur due to issues like ovulation disorders, structural problems in the uterus or fallopian tubes, or certain medical conditions.

Male infertility often results from problems with the production or delivery of sperm, which can be due to various health conditions or lifestyle factors.

Yes, various treatments like medication, surgery, or assisted reproductive technologies can often address male infertility.

Absolutely, treatments like lifestyle changes, medication, surgery, or assisted reproductive technologies can often treat female infertility.

Infertility treatment varies based on the root cause but could include lifestyle modifications, medication, surgery, or assisted reproductive technologies.

An infertile egg is an egg that hasn't been fertilized by a sperm and therefore, can't develop into an embryo.

Being diagnosed as infertile doesn't mean you can't ever have a child. With the right treatment, many infertile individuals or couples can still conceive.

About The Author
Dr. Richika Sahay

MBBS (Gold Medalist), DNB (Obst & Gyne), MNAMS, MRCOG (London-UK), Fellow IVF, Fellow MAS, Infertility (IVF) Specialist & Gynae Laparoscopic surgeon,[Ex AIIMS & Sir Gangaram Hospital, New Delhi]. Read more

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