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Difference between Sterility

Difference between Sterility and Infertility

| 10 Nov 2023 | 187824 Views |

Although the terms “sterility” and “infertility” are sometimes used synonymously, they have different implications in the context of reproductive health. It is essential to comprehend the distinctions between these phrases since they have different effects on persons and relationships.

The differences between sterility and infertility will be discussed in this article, along with their implications for individuals’ lives.

Difference between Sterility and Infertility

Although the terms are frequently used synonymously, infertility and sterility are not the same thing. The majority of persons who identify as sterile are merely infertile.

Sterility is the inability to conceive without medical assistance, whereas infertility is the inability to conceive more easily.

The inability to conceive is known as sterility, but the inability to carry a full-term pregnancy to term and deliver a healthy baby is known as infertility. As a result, the terms are frequently misinterpreted.

What is Sterility?

When someone is sterile, they are medically unable to conceive without the need for assistance. It may entail the lack of ovulation in women, while in males it relates to various reproductive abnormalities or the absence of sperm in semen.

Birth defects or surgical procedures like vasectomy or tubal ligation may be the cause of this. Being sterile mostly manifests as the inability to conceive. Surgery or birth abnormalities may be the cause of this illness.

What is Infertility?

After a year of unprotected sexual activity, infertility is defined as the inability of a woman to conceive due to endometriosis, uterine fibroids, thyroid illness, poor sperm count, or low levels of sex hormones in men.

If a man or woman is unable to conceive naturally after more than a year of unprotected sexual activity, it can be identified. IVF is frequently the best choice for treating infertility that cannot be explained. Surgery, hormone therapy, and medication are other therapeutic choices.

How to treat sterility and infertility?

While the use of steroids is an irreversible problem, infertility may be treated according to age, reason, and individual preferences. While many situations cannot be rectified, assisted reproductive technology provides safe and efficient methods to increase the probability of conception.

Men should think about hormonal therapy for low or high sex hormone levels, antibiotics for infections of the reproductive system, surgical treatment for sperm obstruction or expansion of the scrotal vein, medicine and counseling for erection issues, and more.

Women are administered fertility medications and hormones to aid in ovulation or to correct the imbalance of sex hormones. Damaged tissue in the reproductive organs is removed surgically, and if all else fails, IVF is a possibility.


In conclusion, in the field of reproductive health, sterility and infertility are two different concepts with specific connotations. Infertility is the difficulty or delay to conceive and conceive, whereas sterility is the total inability to conceive and bear children.

Both disorders may be extremely taxing, so it’s imperative that folks who are dealing with them seek expert help. Addressing and resolving these issues begins with an understanding of the differences between sterility and infertility.

About The Author
Dr. Richika Sahay

MBBS (Gold Medalist), DNB (Obst & Gyne), MNAMS, MRCOG (London-UK), Fellow IVF, Fellow MAS, Infertility (IVF) Specialist & Gynae Laparoscopic surgeon,[Ex AIIMS & Sir Gangaram Hospital, New Delhi]. Read more

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