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10 Causes of Females Infertility

Top 10 Leading Causes of Infertility in Indian Females every woman must know

| 02 Nov 2023 | 82383 Views |

Introduction

Table of Contents

India, with its diverse and rich cultural tapestry, faces a multitude of challenges. One such poignant issue is infertility, especially in females. The India IVF Fertility clinic has delved deep into this subject, shedding light on the common causes. In this comprehensive guide, we demystify the top 10 leading causes of infertility in females in India. Let’s dive in.

Rank Cause % Incidence
1 Tubal factor infertility 30-40%
2 Ovulatory dysfunction 25-30%
3 Tubal factor infertility 15-20%
4 Male factor infertility 20-30%
5 Unexplained infertility 10-15%
6 Premature ovarian failure 5-10%
7 Genetic disorders 2-3%
8 Autoimmune disorders 2-3%
9 Medications 1-2%
10 Environmental factors 1-2%

The top 10 leading causes of infertility in Indian females are:

  1. Tubal factor infertility: This is the most common cause of infertility in India, accounting for 30-40% of cases. It is caused by damage to the fallopian tubes, which can block the passage of eggs and sperm.
  2. Ovulatory dysfunction: This is a condition in which a woman’s ovaries do not release eggs on a regular basis, or at all. It is responsible for 25-30% of infertility cases in India.
  3. Endometriosis: This is a condition in which the tissue that lines the uterus grows outside of the uterus. It can cause pain, inflammation, and scarring, which can make it difficult for an egg to implant in the uterus. Endometriosis accounts for 15-20% of infertility cases in India.
  4. Male factor infertility: This is a condition in which a man’s sperm count, motility, or morphology is abnormal. It is responsible for 20-30% of infertility cases in India.
  5. Unexplained infertility: This is a condition in which a couple has been unable to conceive after a year of regular, unprotected intercourse, and all known tests have been normal. It accounts for 10-15% of infertility cases in India.
  6. Premature ovarian failure: This is a condition in which a woman’s ovaries stop functioning prematurely, leading to early menopause. It accounts for 5-10% of infertility cases in India.
  7. Genetic disorders: Certain genetic disorders can cause infertility in women. For example, Turner syndrome and Down syndrome can lead to ovarian dysfunction or premature ovarian failure. Genetic disorders account for 2-3% of infertility cases in India.
  8. Autoimmune disorders: Certain autoimmune disorders, such as lupus and rheumatoid arthritis, can also cause infertility in women. This is because the body’s immune system attacks healthy tissues, including the ovaries and fallopian tubes. Autoimmune disorders account for 2-3% of infertility cases in India.
  9. Medications: Certain medications, such as chemotherapy drugs and antidepressants, can also cause infertility in women. This is because these medications can damage the ovaries or eggs. Medications account for 1-2% of infertility cases in India.
  10. Environmental factors: Certain environmental factors, such as exposure to toxins and pollutants, can also cause infertility in women. This is because these factors can damage the ovaries or eggs. Environmental factors account for 1-2% of infertility cases in India.

It is important to note that these are just estimates, and the actual incidence of each cause of infertility may vary depending on the population studied. Additionally, many women experience more than one cause of infertility.

If you are concerned about your fertility, it is important to talk to your doctor. They can help you to identify any underlying causes of infertility and recommend appropriate treatment options.

Conclusion

Understanding the root causes of infertility can be the first step towards finding a solution. At India IVF Fertility, we’re committed to illuminating these paths and supporting every woman in her journey towards motherhood.

FAQs

PCOS is a hormonal disorder causing enlarged ovaries with small cysts. It often leads to irregular menstrual cycles, making conception difficult.

Yes, a significant number of Indian women experience fertility challenges due to endometriosis.

While fibroids are common, not all cause infertility. However, if they're positioned in a way that interferes with the fallopian tubes or the implantation of a fertilized egg, they can lead to infertility.

Both overactive and underactive thyroid can interfere with ovulation, hormonal balances, and can even lead to miscarriages.

About The Author
Dr. Richika Sahay

MBBS (Gold Medalist), DNB (Obst & Gyne), MNAMS, MRCOG (London-UK), Fellow IVF, Fellow MAS, Infertility (IVF) Specialist & Gynae Laparoscopic surgeon,[Ex AIIMS & Sir Gangaram Hospital, New Delhi]. Read more

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